Leaders of São Tomé and Príncipe
(Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe)
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Look for biographies of the leaders (in Spanish) at CIDOB website.

Parties: ADI: Independent Democratic Action - MDFM: Force for Change Democratic Movement (then, MDFM-Liberal Party, MDFM-PL) - MLSTP: Liberation Movement of São Tomé and Príncipe - MLSTP-PSD: Liberation Movement of São Tomé and Príncipe-Social Democratic Party (name for MLSTP from 1990) - PCD: Democratic Convergence Party


Heads of State
Presidents of the Republic
Manuel Pinto da Costa                       12 Jul 1975 -  4 Mar 1991         MLSTP    
Leonel Mário d'Alva                          4 Mar 1991 -  3 Apr 1991         MLSTP (interim)
Miguel (dos Anjos da Cunha Lisboa) Trovoada  3 Apr 1991 - 15 Aug 1995         n/p, ADI

Chairman of the Military Junta
Manuel Quintas de Almeida                   15 Aug 1995 - 21 Aug 1995         military 

Presidents of the Republic
Miguel (dos Anjos da Cunha Lisboa) Trovoada 21 Aug 1995 -  3 Sep 2001 ADI
Fradique (Bandeira Melo) de Menezes          3 Sep 2001 - 16 Jul 2003         ADI, MDFM        

Chairman of the Military Junta of National Salvation
Fernando Pereira                            16 Jul 2003 - 23 Jul 2003         military    

Presidents of the Republic
Fradique (Bandeira Melo) de Menezes         23 Jul 2003 -  3 Sep 2011         MDFM-PL  
Manuel Pinto da Costa                        3 Sep 2011 -  3 Sep 2016         n/p
Evaristo (do Espírito Santo) Carvalho        3 Sep 2016 -  2 Oct 2021 (†2022) ADI
Carlos (Manuel) Vila Nova                    2 Oct 2021 -                     ADI

Prime ministers
Leonel Mário d'Alva                                  21 Dec 1974 - 12 Jul 1975         MLSTP 
Miguel (dos Anjos da Cunha Lisboa) Trovoada          12 Jul 1975 -  9 Apr 1979         MLSTP         
Celestino Rocha da Costa                              8 Jan 1988 -  7 Feb 1991         MLSTP   
Daniel (Lima dos Santos) Daio                         7 Feb 1991 - 16 May 1992         PCD
Norberto (d'Alva) Costa Alegre                       16 May 1992 -  2 Jul 1994         PCD   
Evaristo (do Espírito Santo) Carvalho                 7 Jul 1994 - 25 Oct 1994 (†2022) ADI      
Carlos (Alberto Monteiro Dias da) Graça              25 Oct 1994 - 31 Dec 1995 (†2013) MLSTP-PSD (discontinuing 15-21 Aug 1995)   
Armindo Vaz d'Almeida                                31 Dec 1995 - 19 Nov 1996         MLSTP-PSD      
Raul Bragança Neto                                   19 Nov 1996 -  5 Jan 1999         MLSTP-PSD   
Guilherme Posser da Costa                             5 Jan 1999 - 18 Sep 2001         MLSTP-PSD        
Evaristo (do Espírito Santo) Carvalho                26 Sep 2001 - 28 Mar 2002 (†2022) ADI       
Gabriel (Arcanjo Ferreira da) Costa                  28 Mar 2002 -  7 Oct 2002         ADI
Maria das Neves (Ceita Batista) de Sousa              7 Oct 2002 - 18 Sep 2004         MLSTP-PSD (discontinuing 16-23 Jul 2003)
Damião Vaz d'Almeida                                 18 Sep 2004 -  8 Jun 2005         MLSTP-PSD  
Maria do Carmo (Trovoada Pires de Carvalho) Silveira  8 Jun 2005 - 21 Apr 2006         n/p
Tomé (Soares) Vera Cruz                              21 Apr 2006 - 14 Feb 2008         MDFM-PL
Patrice (Emery) Trovoada                             14 Feb 2008 - 22 Jun 2008         ADI
Joaquim Rafael Branco                                22 Jun 2008 - 14 Aug 2010         MLSTP-PSD
Patrice (Emery) Trovoada                             14 Aug 2010 - 12 Dec 2012         ADI
Gabriel (Arcanjo Ferreira da) Costa                  12 Dec 2012 - 29 Nov 2014         MLSTP-PSD
Patrice (Emery) Trovoada                             29 Nov 2014 -  3 Dec 2018         ADI
Jorge (Lopes) Bom Jesus                               3 Dec 2018 -                     MLSTP-PSD

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