Leaders of Perú
(Republic of Perú)
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Look for biographies of the leaders (in Spanish) at CIDOB website.

Current parties and coalitions: AP: Popular Action - AP-PIS: Go on Country – Social Integration Party - APRA: American Popular Revolutionary Alliance - Avancemos: Let's Advance - FA: Broad Front (coalition) - FP: Popular Force - PM: Purple Party - PDC: Christian Democratic Party - PL: Free Peru - PNP: Peruvian Nationalist Party - RP: Popular Renovation - PPC: Christian People's Party - Sembrar: Sow Movement - SP: We Are Peru - UPP: Union for Peru

Defunct parties and coalitions: AF: Alliance for the Future (coalition) - AP: Popular Alliance (coalition) - AGC: Alliance for the Great Change (coalition) - APP: Possible Peru Alliance (coalition) - ASN: National Solidarity Alliance (coalition) - C90: Change 90 - CD: Democratic Convergence (coalition) - FC: Center Front (coalition) - FDN: National Democratic Front (coalition) - FIM: Independent Moralizing Front - FLN: National Liberation Front - FNJD: National Front of Democratic Youth - FREDEMO: Democratic Front (coalition) - Fuerza 2011: Force 2011 (now FP) - Gana Perú: Peru Wins - IN Nationalist Left - IS: Socialist Left - IU: United Left (coalition) - MAS: Socialist Affirmation Movement - MDP: Pradista Democratic Movement/Peruvian Democratic Movement - ML: Liberty Movement - NM: New Majority - OBRAS: Independent Civic Movement - Perú 2000 (coalition) - PP: Possible Peru - PPK: Peruvians for Change - PR: Restorer Party - PRT: Revolutionary Workers Party - PSN: National Solidarity Party - PSP: Socialist Party of Peru - UN: National Union (coalition) - UN-CD: National Union and Democratic Coexistence - UNIR: Revolutionary Left Union (coalition) - UNO: Odriist National Union - UPP: Union of the Peruvian People - UR: Revolutionary Union - VV: Go Neighbor (party and coalition)


Heads of State
President of the Republic
José Luis Bustamante y Rivero        28 Jul 1945 - 29 Oct 1948 (†1989) FDN

Chairmen of the Military Junta of Government
Manuel Arturo Odría Amoretti         29 Oct 1948 -  1 Jul 1950 (†1974) military  
Zenón Noriega Agüero                  1 Jul 1950 - 28 Jul 1950 (†1957) military    

Presidents of the Republic
Manuel Arturo Odría Amoretti         28 Jul 1950 - 28 Jul 1956 (†1974) PR
Manuel Carlos Prado y Ugarteche      28 Jul 1956 - 18 Jul 1962 (†1967) MDP

Junta of Government / Joint Command of the Armed Forces (military)
 -Ricardo Pío Pérez Godoy                                      (†1982) 
 -Nicolás Lindley López                                        (†1995)        
 -Juan Francisco Torres Matos                                  (†1995)
 -Pedro Vargas Prada Peirano         18 Jul 1962 - 20 Jul 1962 (†1997)

Chairmen of the Junta of Government
Ricardo Pío Pérez Godoy              20 Jul 1962 -  3 Mar 1963 (†1982) military 
Nicolás Lindley López                 3 Mar 1963 - 28 Jul 1963 (†1995) military 

President of the Republic
Fernando Belaúnde Terry              28 Jul 1963 -  3 Oct 1968 (†2002) AP

President of the Republic
Juan Francisco Velasco Alvarado       3 Oct 1968 - 30 Aug 1975 (†1977) military 

Presidents of the Republic
Francisco Morales Bermúdez           30 Aug 1975 - 28 Jul 1980 (†2022) military
Fernando Belaúnde Terry              28 Jul 1980 - 28 Jul 1985 (†2002) AP
Alan Gabriel Ludwig García Pérez     28 Jul 1985 - 28 Jul 1990 (†2019) APRA
Alberto Keinya Fujimori Fujimori     28 Jul 1990 - 22 Nov 2000         C90-NM
Valentín Paniagua Corazao            22 Nov 2000 - 28 Jul 2001 (†2006) AP
Alejandro Celestino Toledo Manrique  28 Jul 2001 - 28 Jul 2006         PP
Alan Gabriel Ludwig García Pérez     28 Jul 2006 - 28 Jul 2011 (†2019) APRA
Ollanta Moisés Humala Tasso          28 Jul 2011 - 28 Jul 2016         PNP 
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Godard         28 Jul 2016 - 23 Mar 2018         PPK
Martín Alberto Vizcarra Cornejo      23 mar 2018 -  9 Nov 2020         PPK, n/p
Manuel Arturo Merino de Lama         10 Nov 2020 - 15 Nov 2020         AP  
Francisco Rafael Sagasti Hochhausler 17 Nov 2020 - 28 Jul 2021         PM
José Pedro Castillo Terrones         28 Jul 2021 -                     PL, n/p

Vice Presidents of the Republic
José Gálvez Barrenechea (1st)              1945-1948 (†1957) FDN
Eduardo Luis Ganoza y Ganoza (2nd)         1945-1948 (†19..) FDN
Zenón Noriega Agüero                       1948-1950 (†1957) military (de facto)   
Héctor Boza Aizcorbe (1st)                 1950-1956 (†1974) PR
Federico Bolognesi Bolognesi (2nd)         1950-1956 (†1958) PR
Luis Gallo Porras (1st)                    1956-1962 (†1972) MDP
Carlos Moreyra y Paz Soldán (2nd)          1956-1962 (†1981) MDP
Pedro Luis Vargas Prada                    1962-1963 (†1997) military (de facto) 
Edgardo Seoane Corrales (1st)              1963-1968 (†1978) AP
Mario Polar Ugarteche (2nd)                1963-1968 (†1988) PDC
Luis Edgardo Mercado Jarrín                1968-1975 (†2012) military (de facto)
Pedro Ángel Richter Prada                  1975-1978 (†2017) military (de facto)
Fernando Schwalb López-Aldana (1st)        1980-1985 (†2002) AP
Javier Alva Orlandini (2nd)                1980-1985 (†2020) AP
Luis Alberto Sánchez Sánchez (1st)         1985-1990 (†1994) APRA
Luis Juan Alva Castro (2nd)                1985-1990         APRA
Máximo San Román Cáceres (1nd)             1990-1992         C90
Carlos García y García (2nd)               1990-1992 (†2016) C90
Clemente Jaime Yoshiyama Tanaka            1993-1995         C90 (as chair of the Democratic Constituent Congress)
Ricardo Márquez Flores (1st)               1995-2000         C90-NM
César Alipio Paredes Canto (2nd)           1995-2000 (†2018) C90-NM
Francisco Tudela van Breugel-Douglas (1st) 2000              Perú 2000
Ricardo Márquez Flores (2nd)               2000              C90-NM/Perú 2000
Raúl Diez Canseco Terry (1st)              2001-2004         AP
David Waisman Rjavinsthi (2nd)             2001-2006         PP  
Luis Alejandro Giampietri Rojas (1st)      2006-2011         APRA
Lourdes Carmen Mendoza del Solar (2nd)     2006-2011         APRA
Marisol Espinoza Cruz (1st)                2011-2016         PNP
Omar Karim Chehade Moya (2nd)              2011-2012         PNP
Martín Alberto Vizcarra Cornejo (1st)      2016-2018         PPK
Mercedes Rosalba Aráoz Fernández (2nd)     2016-2020         PPK
Dina Ercilia Boluarte Zegarra              2021-             PL

Presidential candidates
1945 1st José Luis Bustamante y Rivero    (†1989) FDN
     2nd Eloy Gaspar Ureta Montehermoso   (†1965) military/UR

1950 1st Manuel Arturo Odría Amoretti     (†1974) PR

1956 1st Manuel Carlos Prado y Ugarteche  (†1967) MDP
     2nd Fernando Belaúnde Terry          (†2002) FNJD
     3rd Hernando de Lavalle y García     (†1967) UN-CD

1962 1st Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre     (†1979) APRA
     2nd Fernando Belaúnde Terry          (†2002) AP
     3rd Manuel Arturo Odría Amoretti     (†1974) UNO
     4th César Pando Egúsquiza            (†1967) FLN
     5th Luciano Castillo Colonna  	  (†1981) PSP

1963 1st Fernando Belaúnde Terry          (†2002) AP
     2nd Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre     (†1979) APRA
     3rd Manuel Arturo Odría Amoretti     (†1974) UNO
     4th Mario Samamé Boggio              (†1994) UPP 

1980 1st Fernando Belaúnde Terry          (†2002) AP
     2nd Armando Villanueva del Campo     (†2013) APRA
     3rd Luis Fernán Bedoya Reyes         (†2021) PPC
     4th Ángel Hugo Blanco Galdós                 PRT
     5th Horacio Zevallos Gámez           (†1984) UNIR

1985 1st Alan Gabriel Ludwig García Pérez (†2019) APRA
     2nd Alfonso Augusto Barrantes Lingán (†2000) IU
     3rd Luis Fernán Bedoya Reyes         (†2021) PPC/CD
     4th Javier Alva Orlandini            (†2020) AP  
     5th Roger Cáceres Velásquez                  IN

1990 1st Alberto Keinya Fujimori Fujimori         C90 
     2nd Mario Vargas Llosa                       ML/FREDEMO
     3rd Luis Juan Alva Castro                    APRA
     4th Henry Pease García               (†2014) MAS/IU
     5th Alfonso Augusto Barrantes Lingán (†2000) IS

1995 1st Alberto Keinya Fujimori Fujimori         C90-NM 
     2nd Javier Felipe Pérez de Cuéllar   (†2020) UPP
     3rd Mercedes Cabanillas Bustamante           APRA
     4th Alejandro Celestino Toledo Manrique      PP
     5th Ricardo Pablo Belmont Cassinelli         OBRAS

2000 1st Alberto Keinya Fujimori Fujimori         C90/Perú 2000
     2nd Alejandro Celestino Toledo Manrique      PP
     3rd Alberto Manuel Andrade Carmona   (†2009) SP
     4th Federico Salas-Guevara Schultz           Avancemos
     5th Óscar Luis Castañeda Lossio              PSN

2001 1st Alejandro Celestino Toledo Manrique      PP  
     2nd Alan Gabriel Ludwig García Pérez (†2019) APRA
     3rd Lourdes Celmira Flores Nano              PPC/UN
     4th Luis Fernando Olivera Vega               FIM
     5th Carlos Alberto Boloña Behr       (†2018) VV

2006 1st Alan Gabriel Ludwig García Pérez (†2019) APRA
     2nd Ollanta Moisés Humala Tasso              PNP-UPP
     3rd Lourdes Celmira Flores Nano              PPC/UN
     4th Martha Gladys Chávez Cossio de Ocampo    NM/AF
     5th Valentín Paniagua Corazao        (†2006) AP/FC

2011 1st Ollanta Moisés Humala Tasso              PNP/Gana Perú
     2nd Keiko Sofía Fujimori Higuchi             Fuerza 2011
     3rd Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Godard             AGC
     4th Alejandro Celestino Toledo Manrique      PP/APP
     5th Óscar Luis Castañeda Lossio      (†2022) PSN/ASN

2016 1st Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Godard             PPK
     2nd Keiko Sofía Fujimori Higuchi             FP
     3rd Verónika Fanny Mendoza Frisch            Sembrar/FA
     4th Isaac Alfredo Barnechea García           AP
     5th Alan Gabriel Ludwig García Pérez (†2019) APRA/AP

2021 1st José Pedro Castillo Terrones             PL
     2nd Keiko Sofía Fujimori Higuchi             FP
     3rd Rafael Bernardo López-Aliaga Cazorla     RP
     4th Hernando de Soto Polar                   AP-PIS
     5th Yonhy Lescano Ancieta                    AP

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